Have a fun, safe new year

Know how much you are really drinking

New Year’s eve is a very alcholic-beverage oriented holiday, so it’s a good idea for revelers to know exactly what they are consuming in order to moderate their intake.

According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the amount of alcohol by volume for various beverages depends on the beverage.

In the United States, one “standard” drink contains roughly 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is found in: 12 ounces of regular beer, which is usually about 5 percent alcohol; 5 ounces of wine, which is typically about 12 percent alcohol; and 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits, which is about 40 percent alcohol.

Also according to the NIAAA, exactly how soon a person can become impaired by alcohol depends on several factors, which are how much is consumed, how often a person drinks, a person’s age, a person’s health status, and a person’s family history.

As most people who consume alcohol know, there are consequences for doing so, ranging from slight to dangerously impaired. The effects include reduced inhibitions, slurred speech, motor impairment, confusion, memory problems, concentration problems, coma, breathing problems, and death.

Of course impairment can lead to vehicle crashes, a greater likelihood for the impaired person to engage in risky or violent behavior, suicide and homicide.

Alcohol content by volume (ABV) of various beverages

Beers (3-10 percent)

• Pilsner 3-6 percent

• ESB (Bitter) 3-6 percent

• Lager 4-5 percent

• Porter 4-5 percent

• Brown Ale 4-6 percent

• India Pale Ale 6-7 percent

• Stout 5-10 percent

Wines (8-14 percent)

• Sparkling Wine 8-12 percent

• Table Wine 9-14 percent

• Retsina 10-11 percent

• Dry White 10-12 percent

• Cabernet 11-14 percent

• Barley Wine 11-15 percent

Fortified Wines (16-22 percent)

• Sherry 17-22 percent

• Marsala Wine 15-17 percent

• Madeira Wine 15-18 percent

• Vermouth 15-18 percent

• Port Wine 16-20 percent

• Bum Wine 15-20 percent

Spirits (20-70 percent)

• Light Liqueurs 15-25 percent

• Vodka/Whiskey/Rum 40 percent

• Cask Strength Whiskey 60 percent

• Absinthe 55-90 percent

• Neutral Grain Spirits 95 percent

• Rectified Spirits 96 percent

• Absolute Alcohol 96-98 percent

Other Drinks

• Fruit Juice  Less than 0.1 percent

• Alcopops 3-7 percent

• Wine Breezers/Coolers 4-7 percent

• Cider 4-8 percent