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That and two bucks will buy you …

The attitude of the Lake Superior copper mining companies toward trammers had, by 1913, created a labor shortage that negatively impacted what trammers they had. Ocha Potter, superintendent of the Superior Mine, a subsidiary of the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company, testified during the U.S. ...

Cost of the Copper Country, miners and non-miners make ends meet

What was the cost of living in the Copper Country in the first decades of the 20th century? Rows and rows of stocked shelves crowding stores did not guarantee an end to frontier-era dietary limitations or food scarcity in Copper Country households, particularly those with low income. There ...

The evolution of food sources on Lake Superior between 1840-1913

By the first decade of the 20th century, dietary limitations and food scarcities common to the pioneer residents of the Lake Superior copper region had been relegated to the pages of frontier history. Two-masted cargo schooners had given way (although some still remained in service on the ...

Interested in fixing our broken political system?

One of the biggest reasons American politics have turned upside down over the past few years is growing numbers of Americans do not think leaders represent their interests. That simple sentiment underlies nearly every recent problem in American politics. Yet for some reason, almost nobody has ...

The Espionage Act of 1917 once again rears its ugly head

When federal agents removed top-secret documents from former President Donald Trump’s Mar-a-Lago residence last week, they carried with them a search warrant citing possible violations of the Espionage Act. Ah, the Espionage Act! How that must have sounded comfortingly confirmatory to ...

Ivermectin is neither effective nor safe for treating COVID

DEAR DR. ROACH: You’ve argued against veterinary ivermectin. It’s the same ivermectin that’s safely used for adults. Work out dose per kilo weight of patient. Why pretend that it’s not safe, when it’s a drug safely used for 70 years? It is better than remdesivir and other drugs that ...